This Day In European History
527: Justinian becomes co-emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire; he later attempted to regain Italy.
812: Charlemagne's status as Emperor is acknowledged by the Byzantine Empire.
850: Emperor Louis II is crowned in Rome.
1081: Emperor Alexius Comnenus of the Eastern Roman/Byzantine Empire is crowned.
1147: In tradition, the foundation of Moscow.
1525: The Swabian League defeats the revolutionary forces of the 'Peasant's War' in battle at Leipheim, but the revolution continues.
1581: Francis Drake is knighted by Queen Elizabeth I of England.
1743: Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria, is crowned Queen of Bohemia.
1755: Pasquale de' Paoli is elected as a general in Corsica; he subsequently leads a revolt against Genoan control of the island.
1902: The 'War Car', a spiritual forerunner of the tank, premiers at Crystal Palace in London.
1949: NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, is formed.
188: Roman Emperor Caracalla.
1648: Grinling Gibbons, Dutch woodcarver.
1688: Joseph-Nicolas Delisle, French astronomer.
1758: John Hoppner, English painter.
636: St. Isidore of Seville, creator of a twenty-volume encyclopaedia and patron saint of the internet.
896: Pope Formosus.
1617: John Napier, Scottish inventor of logarithms.
?1714: Charles, Duke of Berry, French heir.
1774: Oliver Goldsmith, English writer.
1817: Andre Massena, French general.
1848: Ludwig Leichhardt, Prussian explorer, dies crossing Australia.