1. Education

Germany and Prussia

From the Holy Roman Empire and the elector states, through confederation, empire and democracy, this is the history of Germany.
  1. Cold War Germany (3)
  2. Nazi Germany (15)
  3. Weimar and the Rise of the Nazis (16)

Profile: Adolf Hitler
A short biography of Adolf Hitler.

Interwar Germany: The Rise and Fall of Weimar and the Rise of Hitler
A contents page for our narrative of Germany from 1919 to 1934.

The German Revolution of 1918 – 19
Although increasingly described as 'not a revolution', the German Revolution of 1918-19 turned Germany from an imperial Kaiserreich into a democratic republic.

About: The Schmalkaldic League
The Reformation caused newly Lutheran territories within the Holy Roman Empire to clash with their Catholic Emperor. These tensions produced the Schmalkaldic League, an alliance of princes and cities. This is an article by your Guide.

An explanation of Ostpolitik, a policy of 'West Germany'.

The Other Reichs
It's well known that the Nazi's called their state the 'Third Reich', but what were the first and second? Your Guide examines the other reichs, and discusses how they relate.

Did the Treaty of Versailles Contribute to Hitler's Rise to Power?
A look at a major controversy of twentieth century history: did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler's rise to power?

Books on Germany and the Holy Roman Empire
This page indexes bibliographic information on history books covering Germany, Prussia and the Holy Roman Empire.

Studying German History
The introduction to a set of lecture notes on ‘Germany and Europe 1871-1945’, this page contains a vital discussion on the study of German History that I urge anyone interested to read. A lot of literature, historical or otherwise, has considered Germany only in relation to the Second World War, depicting every event as a move towards disaster.

Who were the Stahlhelm?
The 'Steel Helmets' played a role in interwar German history.

The Spartacists / Spartacus League
The Spartacists were a communist group active in Germany in the early twentieth century.

The Early Years of the Weimar Republic
Born out of a failed war, the Weimar Republic was the unified Germany's first experience of democracy. But the fault lines which allowed the rise of the Nazis were present from the start.

The Freikorps
The Freikorps were right wing groups of ex-soldiers and other violent malcontents active in post-WW1 Germany.

The Dawes Plan of 1924
The Dawes Plan helped Germany's Weimar Republic tackle the problems and arguments over reparations. But it caused its own problems.

The Young Plan of 1929
The Young Plan further defined the reparations payments Germany owed.

The November Criminals
An explanation of why this group of Germans became known as the November Criminals.

The German Workers Party
The German Workers Party turned into the Nazi Party, but it wasn't founded by Hitler.

Was Adolf Hitler a Socialist? Debunking a Historical Myth
Hitler is often accused of being a socialist. This article explains why he wasn't.

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