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Timeline of the Russian Revolutions: 1914 - 1916


• June - July: General Strikes in St. Petersburg.
• July 19th: Germany declares war on Russia, causing a brief sense of patriotic union amongst the Russian nation and a downturn in striking.
• July 30th: The All Russian Zemstvo Union for the Relief of Sick and Wounded Soldiers is created with Lvov as president.
• August - November: Russia suffers heavy defeats and a large shortage of supplies, including food and munitions.
• August 18th: St. Petersburg is renamed Petrograd as 'Germanic' names are changed to sound more Russia, and hence more patriotic.
• November 5th: Bolshevik members of the Duma are arrested; they are later tried and exiled to Siberia.

• February 19: Great Britain and France accept Russia's claims to Istanbul and other Turkish lands.
• June 5th: Strikers shot at in Kostromá; casualties.
• July 9th: The Great Retreat begins, as Russian forces pull back into Russia.
• August 9th: The Duma's bourgeois parties form the 'Progressive bloc' to push for better government and reform; includes the Kadets, Octobrist groups and Nationalists.
• Auguest 10th: Strikers shot at in Ivánovo-Voznesénsk; casualties.
• August 17-19th: Strikers in Petrograd protest at the deaths in Ivánovo-Voznesénsk.
• August 23rd: Reacting to war failures and a hostile Duma, the Tsar takes over as Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, prorogues the Duma and moves to military headquarters at Mogilev. Central government begins to seize up.

• January - December: Despite successes in the Brusilov offensive, the Russian war effort is still characterised by shortages, poor command, death and desertion. Away from the front, the conflict causes starvation, inflation and a torrent of refugees. Both soldiers and civilians blame the incompetence of the Tsar and his government.
• February 6: Duma reconvened.
• February 29th: After a month of strikes at the Putilov Factory, the government conscripts the workers and takes charge of production. Protest strikes follow.
• June 20: Duma prorogued.
• October: Troops from 181st Regiment help striking Russkii Renault workers fight against the Police.
• November 1st: Miliukov gives his 'Is this stupidity or treason?' speech in reconvened Duma.
• December 17/18th: Rasputin is killed by Prince Yusupov.
• December 30th: The Tsar is warned that his army won't support him against a revolution.

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