European History: Most Popular Articles
The Borgias - A History of the Borgias
Historical Myths - The 300 of Thermopylae - Find out the true figure
This biography of Napoleon Bonaparte condenses his life down to the essentials in three short pages, and links to extra material on his wars and government.
This brief account of the French Revolution explains all the key events, links to a larger narrative history, and explains the consequences.
This entry in our historical myths series examines two legends about the death of Catherine the Great: one involving horses and one toilets.
A complete list of the many countries involved in World War 1 including a map and different ways of presenting the information.
The literature about World War One is vast, but I feel these are the best books for a range of readers.
This quick introduction to German dictator Adolf Hitler traces his life through his rise to power to starting World War 2, through his ultimate defeat to his death.
The Major Alliances of World War One: who and how Europe divided in 1914.
This discussion of the causes of the Renaissance looks at seven key factors which helped thes era defining movement begin and develop.
Was Napoleon Bonaparte Short? - The Height and Possible Myth of the Short Napoleon Bonaparte
Rulers of France - French kings emperors and presidents
Rulers of England - Kings and Queens: rulers of england kings of wessex saxon kingdoms tenth centuries archbishop of canterbury
These were the Causes of the Russian Revolution
BCE - Before Common Era - is a term used in modern dating systems. Find out what it means, and why it is used.
Sharpe - The Sharpe Books in Chronological Order
Did Stalin really die unaffected by the years of terror and death?
World War 1 101 - An Introduction to World War 1
The Treaty of Versailles ended World War One and has been accused of starting World War Two. This article outlines the motivations behind the treaty, the key points, and the results.
An explanation of the Enlightenment
This profile of the Cold War explains how it began after World War 2, why it was 'Cold', what happened in Europe and how it ended peacefully.
A selection of documentaries about Europe and World War 2.
The Industrial Revolution - An Overview of The Industrial Revolution
A look at the major consequences of World War One.
Brezhnev Doctrine - An Explanation of the Brezhnev Doctrine
AD - Anno Domini - is part of a dating system used in much of the world. This article explains what the Latin stands for, and a problem with it.
Flat Earth - Did Medieval People Believe in a Flat Earth?
Horatio Hornblower - In Which Order Should You Read the Horatio Hornblower Novels?
World War 1 saw casualty figures in the millions, and this chart lists the totals mobilized, killed, wounded and a percentage calculation.
This timeline of the Renaissance contains key dates in cultural history alongside political developments and links to discussions.
This page explains the key elements of the most famous renaissance, c. 1400 - 1600, and links to greater detail.
How long does a guillotined head remains alive?
This selection of recommended films deal with the eastern front in World War 2.
There are a lot of games for the PC which have drawn on Europe's rich history, and many of them use the waging of war as the source of interaction. This is a list of the best.
Venice Italy - A History of Venice Italy
This summary presents an outline of the Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century, the religious schism which split western Christianity permanently.
Britain and the American Revolutionary War
This part of our World War 1 timeline looks at events relevant to the war pre-1914.
When did World War 2 End - End of World War 2
Changes caused by the French Revolution in Europe. Page 2.
The European Union - History of the European Union
World War One affected women's employment opportunities greatly, but only in the short term. In page one we examine what these wartime changes were,.
Benito Mussolini - Biography of Benito Mussolini
History of Italy - Italy Information on History
Did Vikings Wear Horned Helmets? - The Truth Behind Vikings Horned Helmets
Best Books on the French Revolution
What was the Black Death? Did it really kill a third of Europe's population?
Changes caused by the French Revolution on France
An Introduction to Absolutism in European History
This part of our World War 1 timeline covers the year the war began: 1914.
A listing of eighteen key thinkers of the Enlightenment from across Europe with biographical sketches for each.
Containment - Definition of Containment
NATO - Information on NATO the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Rulers of Spain - Spanish kings emperors and presidents
Marie Antoinette and Let them eat cake - The truth behind the phrase
Changing voting opportunity was just one way women were affected by World War One; this article looks at their multi-faceted experiences during the conflict.
What Happened On This Day In European History: births and deaths encyclopedia britannica sneak peek notable events european history
Vlad the Impaler - Information on Vlad the Impaler - Dracula - Tepes
Germany and the United States of America were on a collision course during World War One which the Sussex Pledge temporarily halted. This article explains what happened, and who broke the Pledge to bring the US into the conflict.
A look at a major controversy of twentieth century history: did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler's rise to power?
On this page in our history and discussion of the guillotine we look at machines for decapitation which pre-date the French Revolution.
Francisco Franco - Biography of Spanish Dictator Francisco Franco
A narrative history of the wars of the Former Yugoslavia, fought in the 1990s.
This list if the best PC Empire Building games with a European flavor.
The Mensheviks and Bolsheviks in Russian History
In this part of our history of the French Revolution we look at the events of the 1780s which destabilized France and led to the revolution starting.
Warsaw Pact - Definition of the Warsaw Pact
This article gives an overview of the effects the First World War on the world.
Aftermath of the Hundred Years War - Aftermath of the Hundred Years War
Exposure by Wilfred Owen I Our brains ache, in the merciless iced east winds that knife us... Wearied
Russian Revolution of 1917 - Introduction to the Russian Revolution of 1917
In page 3 of our History of the French Revolution we explain how the Estates General met in 1789, and how the revolution truly began with calls for a National Assembly.
The Long Telegram of George Kennan was a message sent from the US Embassy in Moscow to Washington concerning the Soviets. Learn more about the telegram.
Raised horse legs and crossed legs - do the legs on statues reveal if someone died in battle or went on crusade?
World War Two in Europe - Overview of World War Two
The Belle Epoque in France. European History.
Why Britain attempted to Tax American Colonists
This profile explains what the Zimmermann Telegram was, why it was sent and why the threat to the US was considered necessary, how it was revealed to the US public, and how their anger led to entry into World War 1. There is also the full translated text of the Telegram.
Mozart is often said to have been buried in a pauper's grave but, while we don't know where his remains are, we know what happened and the truth is different.
The Commonwealth of Nations - A Summary of the Commonwealth
The Causes and War Aims of World War One - Who was to Blame? Page 3.
Elizabeth I of England - Biography of Elizabeth I
Marshall Plan - Introduction to the Marshall Plan
History of the French Revolution 1. Pre-Revolutionary France
Top historical myths debunked
A short timeline of World War 1 covering all the key dates.
Exploring the end dates of the French Revolution
Rulers of the Ottoman Empire - Ottoman beys sultans and caliphs
Adolf Eichmann - Biography of Adolf Eichmann
Margaret Thatcher - Biography of Margaret Thatcher
Estates General - Definition of Estates General
A history of the Titanic and an account of the ship's sinking.
The Other Riechs - An explanation of the three 'German' Reichs and how they relate.
The American War of Independence and the critical role of France
Advice on Writing History Papers
Iron Curtain - Definition of Iron Curtain
The wars which bear Napoleon Bonaparte’s name have captivated the world. Here is a selection of the best literature on this historical period.
The best books on revolutionary and modern Russia
The Best Books On General European History
This examination of the origins of the Cold War in Europe starts in 1917 and proceeds through the pressures of World War 2 and the aftermath, explaining how much of the world could be facing mutually assured destruction.
Who were the Doughboys? What did they do and how did they get their name?
French Revolution Timeline - A timeline of the French Revolution
This part of the World War 1 Timeline covers 1915.
This history of the Western Front covers the battle between Britain, France and their allies against Germany and their allies during World War One.
This is the first part of the chronology of the Cold War. It includes the October Revolution, World War II, and the creation of NATO.
The Directory - Definition of The Directory
Rupert Brooke - a biography of Rupert Brooke
France has a long and rich history, but we've broken it down into twenty six key events which span from c.800 BCE to the twentieth century.
Pope John Paul II Biography - Karol Wojtyla was Pope John Paul II
Key Events in Spanish History
The Berlin Blockade was an early stress point in the Cold War and a clear victory for organized air power thanks to the West's airlift.
De-stalinization - Explanation of De-stalinization
Jack the Ripper - A Profile of Jack the Ripper
Rulers of Italy - Italian kings and presidents: victor emmanuel ii victor emmanuel iii rulers of italy slim majority statesmen
This section of our History of the French Revolution discusses the most infamous era: when the leaders of France decided to rule through Terror, killing people en masse.
The Consequences of the Norman Conquest - how England was changed by the events of 1066 and after.
The Tudors - The Tudor Dynasty and Tudor England
Who Really Won World War 2 in Europe?
Truman Doctrine - An explanation of the Truman Doctrine
The Old Vicarage, Grantchester by Rupert Brooke Just now the lilac is in bloom, All before my little
A History of the Hundred Years War between England and France.
Key Leaders in European History
The trenches remain one of the best known features of World War 1; this article examines them.
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Our timeline of World War 1 reaches 1916.
An examination of the Norman Conquest of 1066 which changed English history.
An explanation of why Winston Churchill lost the 1945 election in Britain.
A description of the Napoleonic Code / Code Napoleon and why it is so important.
A History of the French Revolution: Contents Page
History of Spain - Information on the History of Spain
madame de sevigne josephine de beauharnais madame de maintenon artemisia gentileschi ada lovelace: 31 Women from European History 1500 to 1945 women womans ladies lady females womens history month
Charles Babbage’s Analytical Engine has a great claim on being the first computer. This explains who he was, and what it was.
An examination of why many of the German people supported Hitler.
Did the Continental System, Napoleon's attempt to cripple Britain economically, work?
This profile of the Berlin Wall explains why the Cold War caused it's creation, how it divided the city of Berlin, and how it finally came to be pulled down.
World War 1 lasted just over four years, and included many belligerent nations. Consequently, there are a lot of famous names involved in this listing
Explanation about the Community Charge - Poll Tax
The Vikings - An Overview of the Vikings
Russian Revolution Timeline - Timeline of the Russian Revolution of 1905
The best books on the Spanish Civil War
The European Overseas Empires - An Introduction
Pictures from the French Revolution - Pictures and Images from the French Revolution
Elgin Marbles - History of the The Elgin Marbles
The Anglo-German Naval Race has been cited as a key factor in the start of World War 1. Here we explain what happened.
This artwork depicts the Tennis Court Oath, taken at the start of the French Revolution in 1789. Page 2.
Germans and the American Revolutionary War
Mikhail Gorbachev - Biography of Mikhail Gorbachev
A look at the confusing mixture of ideas which we believe drove Hitler.
An explanation of Renaissance Humanism and why it was important.
Key Events in Italian History