European History: Most Popular Articles
This biography of Napoleon Bonaparte condenses his life down to the essentials in three short pages, and links to extra material on his wars and government.
Was Napoleon Bonaparte Short? - The Height and Possible Myth of the Short Napoleon Bonaparte
An explanation of the Enlightenment
A complete list of the many countries involved in World War 1 including a map and different ways of presenting the information.
The Borgias - A History of the Borgias
This discussion of the causes of the Renaissance looks at seven key factors which helped thes era defining movement begin and develop.
This timeline of the Renaissance contains key dates in cultural history alongside political developments and links to discussions.
Historical Myths - The 300 of Thermopylae - Find out the true figure
This entry in our historical myths series examines two legends about the death of Catherine the Great: one involving horses and one toilets.
The Major Alliances of World War One: who and how Europe divided in 1914.
A listing of eighteen key thinkers of the Enlightenment from across Europe with biographical sketches for each.
This quick introduction to German dictator Adolf Hitler traces his life through his rise to power to starting World War 2, through his ultimate defeat to his death.
This page explains the key elements of the most famous renaissance, c. 1400 - 1600, and links to greater detail.
How long does a guillotined head remains alive?
A selection of documentaries about Europe and World War 2.
Top historical myths debunked
Changes caused by the French Revolution in Europe. Page 2.
This brief account of the French Revolution explains all the key events, links to a larger narrative history, and explains the consequences.
World War 1 101 - An Introduction to World War 1
Did Stalin really die unaffected by the years of terror and death?
The Industrial Revolution - An Overview of The Industrial Revolution
The Other Riechs - An explanation of the three 'German' Reichs and how they relate.
BCE - Before Common Era - is a term used in modern dating systems. Find out what it means, and why it is used.
The literature about World War One is vast, but I feel these are the best books for a range of readers.
Vlad the Impaler - Information on Vlad the Impaler - Dracula - Tepes
Rulers of France - French kings emperors and presidents
These were the Causes of the Russian Revolution
Why Britain attempted to Tax American Colonists
A contents page for our narrative of Germany from 1919 to 1934.
An Introduction to Absolutism in European History.
This is an alphabetical listing of every country who declared war, had war declared for them, or found themselves invaded or involved in World War 1.
The Treaty of Versailles ended World War One and has been accused of starting World War Two. This article outlines the motivations behind the treaty, the key points, and the results.
Britain and the American Revolutionary War
This summary presents an outline of the Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century, the religious schism which split western Christianity permanently.
AD - Anno Domini - is part of a dating system used in much of the world. This article explains what the Latin stands for, and a problem with it.
Sharpe - The Sharpe Books in Chronological Order
Aftermath of the Hundred Years War - Aftermath of the Hundred Years War
World War One affected women's employment opportunities greatly, but only in the short term. In page one we examine what these wartime changes were,.
History of the European Union- The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union between European countries.
Exposure by Wilfred Owen I Our brains ache, in the merciless iced east winds that knife us... Wearied
Marie Antoinette and Let them eat cake - The truth behind the phrase
World War 1 saw casualty figures in the millions, and this chart lists the totals mobilized, killed, wounded and a percentage calculation.
Did Vikings Wear Horned Helmets? - The Truth Behind Vikings Horned Helmets
Rulers of England - Kings and Queens: rulers of england kings of wessex saxon kingdoms tenth centuries archbishop of canterbury
In page 3 of our History of the French Revolution we explain how the Estates General met in 1789, and how the revolution truly began with calls for a National Assembly.
The American War of Independence and the critical role of France
Germany and the United States of America were on a collision course during World War One which the Sussex Pledge temporarily halted. This article explains what happened, and who broke the Pledge to bring the US into the conflict.
Estates General - Definition of Estates General
Venice Italy - A History of Venice Italy
The Seven Years War - The Seven Years War in Europe
This part of our World War 1 timeline looks at events relevant to the war pre-1914.
Best Books on the French Revolution
Flat Earth - Did Medieval People Believe in a Flat Earth?
What was the Black Death? Did it really kill a third of Europe's population?
A History of the Hundred Years War between England and France.
A look at the major consequences of World War One.
Exploring the end dates of the French Revolution
A guide to the causes of World War One, what each of the major belligerents wanted from it.
Raised horse legs and crossed legs: do the legs on statues reveal if someone died in battle or went on crusade? Find out the truth behind this urban legend.
Rulers of Spain - Spanish kings emperors and presidents
Countries in the European Union - List of Countries in the European Union
A description of the Napoleonic Code / Code Napoleon and why it is so important. Learn more about this historical legal code enacted by Napoleon in 1804.
The Consequences of the Norman Conquest - how England was changed by the events of 1066 and after.
Information on European monarchy.
Key Events in Spanish History
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How did Napoleon persuade France to allow him to become Emperor? This article explains why.
In this part of our history of the French Revolution we look at the events of the 1780s which destabilized France and led to the revolution starting.
On this page in our history and discussion of the guillotine we look at machines for decapitation which pre-date the French Revolution.
The Anglo-German Naval Race has been cited as a key factor in the start of World War 1. Here we explain what happened.
Committee of Public Safety - Definition of Committee of Public Safety
A look at a major controversy of twentieth century history: did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler's rise to power?
Horatio Hornblower - In Which Order Should You Read the Horatio Hornblower Novels?
The Mensheviks and Bolsheviks in Russian History
Who is the Longest Reigning British Monarch?
This selection of recommended films deal with the eastern front in World War 2.
An explanation of Renaissance Humanism and why it was important.
When did World War 2 End - End of World War 2
History of Spain - Information on the History of Spain
There are a lot of games for the PC which have drawn on Europe's rich history, and many of them use the waging of war as the source of interaction. This is a list of the best.
An explanation of why this group of Germans became known as the November Criminals.
World War 1 lasted just over four years, and included many belligerent nations. Consequently, there are a lot of famous names involved in this listing
This section of our History of the French Revolution discusses the most infamous era: when the leaders of France decided to rule through Terror, killing people en masse.
A narrative history of the wars of the Former Yugoslavia, fought in the 1990s.
The Belle Epoque in France. European History.
Brezhnev Doctrine - An Explanation of the Brezhnev Doctrine
French Revolution Timeline - A timeline of the French Revolution
This list collects together the dates of all the key battles of World War One, and links where relevant to narratives.
History of the French Revolution 1. Pre-Revolutionary France
Rulers of the Ottoman Empire - Ottoman beys sultans and caliphs
The French-Indian War - Britain and France in the The French-Indian War in America
Countries Involved in World War 1 - Countries of World War 1 Listed by Continent
This part of our World War 1 timeline covers the year the war began: 1914.
This profile of the Cold War explains how it began after World War 2, why it was 'Cold', what happened in Europe and how it ended peacefully.
The Tower of London - History Of The Tower of London
An examination of the Norman Conquest of 1066 which changed English history.
The Commonwealth is an association of 53 independent nations, all but one former British colonies, with substantial economic ties and a shared history.
History of Italy - Italy Information on History
madame de sevigne josephine de beauharnais madame de maintenon artemisia gentileschi ada lovelace: 31 Women from European History 1500 to 1945 women womans ladies lady females womens history month
Mozart is often said to have been buried in a pauper's grave but, while we don't know where his remains are, we know what happened and the truth is different.
Key Leaders in European History
Did the Continental System, Napoleon's attempt to cripple Britain economically, work?
Changing voting opportunity was just one way women were affected by World War One; this article looks at their multi-faceted experiences during the conflict.
Hitler is often accused of being a socialist. This article explains why he wasn't.
The Tudors - The Tudor Dynasty and Tudor England
Origin of the word Protestant. European History.
This article gives an overview of the effects the First World War on the world.
The American Revolutionary War and Britain, France, and Germany
France has a long and rich history, but we've broken it down into twenty six key events which span from c.800 BCE to the twentieth century.
French Revolution Timeline - 1789 - 1792
Notable Writers from European History
NATO - Information on NATO the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
The History of the British ‘Keep Calm and Carry On’ poster, which was never used in World War 2.
Explanation about the Community Charge - Poll Tax
Russian Revolution Timeline - Timeline of the Russian Revolution of 1905
A starting point for French history.
Did Mussolini get the Trains Running on Time - Debunking Mussolini and the Trains
Margaret Thatcher - Biography of Margaret Thatcher
The trenches remain one of the best known features of World War 1; this article examines them.
World War Two in Europe - Overview of World War Two
An examination of why many of the German people supported Hitler.
Marshall Plan - Introduction to the Marshall Plan
A short timeline of World War 1 covering all the key dates.
This map of the countries involved in World War 1 is a visual way of showing how much of the globe was involved.> </head> <body bgcolor=
How did the Industrial Revolution Change Britain's Population?
The life, career, personality and death of the Spanish Dictator Francisco Franco. A look at the Spanish Civil War
This profile explains what the Zimmermann Telegram was, why it was sent and why the threat to the US was considered necessary, how it was revealed to the US public, and how their anger led to entry into World War 1. There is also the full translated text of the Telegram.
Coal was vital to the Industrial Revolution, but miners faced many problems.
Charles Babbage’s Analytical Engine has a great claim on being the first computer. This explains who he was, and what it was.
A Discussion of the French Revolution and the Ancien Regime
A biography of King John of England, a man with a very poor reputation to this day.
The Kadets in Russian history. European History.
Elgin Marbles - History of the The Elgin Marbles
A history of the Titanic and an account of the ship's sinking.
Rulers of Italy - Italian kings and presidents: victor emmanuel ii victor emmanuel iii rulers of italy slim majority statesmen
The Declaration of Pillnitz failed utterly in its aims as its subtlety was lost on the revolutionaries.
Third Estate - Definition of Third Estate
Russian Revolution Timeline - Timeline of Russa in 1914-16
Elizabeth I of England - Biography of Elizabeth I
Rome Italy - History of Rome Italy
A History of the French Revolution: Contents Page
Rupert Brooke - a biography of Rupert Brooke
The Old Vicarage, Grantchester by Rupert Brooke Just now the lilac is in bloom, All before my little
The best books on revolutionary and modern Russia
Iron Curtain - Definition of Iron Curtain
Indulgence - Definition. European History.
The Visigoths - A profile of the Visigoths
This history of the Western Front covers the battle between Britain, France and their allies against Germany and their allies during World War One.
The Best Books On General European History
The wars which bear Napoleon Bonaparte’s name have captivated the world. Here is a selection of the best literature on this historical period.