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European History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
A Beginner's Guide to World War I
World War 1 101 - An Introduction to World War 1
What Were the Major Causes of the Renaissance?
This discussion of the causes of the Renaissance looks at seven key factors which helped thes era defining movement begin and develop.
Important Dates and Events in Renaissance History
This timeline of the Renaissance contains key dates in cultural history alongside political developments and links to discussions.
Debunking the Myths: How Catherine the Great...
This entry in our historical myths series examines two legends about the death of Catherine the Great: one involving horses and one toilets.
Who Were the Borgias?
The Borgias - A History of the Borgias
Was Adolf Hitler a Socialist? Debunking a...
Hitler is often accused of being a socialist. This article explains why he wasn't.
The Truth Behind the 300 Who Held Thermopylae
Historical Myths - The 300 of Thermopylae - Find out the true figure
We all know the 'Third Riech', but what were...
The Other Riechs - An explanation of the three 'German' Reichs and how they relate.
The 10 Best World War II Documentaries
A selection of documentaries about Europe and World War 2.
Learn More About Napoleon Bonaparte, the Great...
This biography of Napoleon Bonaparte condenses his life down to the essentials in three short pages, and links to extra material on his wars and government.
Adolf Hitler: A Brief Biography
This quick introduction to German dictator Adolf Hitler traces his life through his rise to power to starting World War 2, through his ultimate defeat to his death.
Was World War I Actually a 'World' War?
A complete list of the many countries involved in World War 1 including a map and different ways of presenting the information.
A Beginner's Guide to the French Revolution
This brief account of the French Revolution explains all the key events, links to a larger narrative history, and explains the consequences.
What Were the Major Alliances of World War I?
The Major Alliances of World War One: who and how Europe divided in 1914.
A Beginner's Guide to the Black Death
What was the Black Death? Did it really kill a third of Europe's population?
Aftermath of the Hundred Years War
Aftermath of the Hundred Years War - Aftermath of the Hundred Years War
A Beginner's Guide to the Enlightenment
An explanation of the Enlightenment
What Does BCE Stand for and How Is It Different...
BCE - Before Common Era - is a term used in modern dating systems. Find out what it means, and why it is used.
The Sharpe Books: Bernard Cornwell's Historical...
Sharpe - The Sharpe Books in Chronological Order
Debunking the Myths: How Short Was Napoleon?
Was Napoleon Bonaparte Short? - The Height and Possible Myth of the Short Napoleon Bonaparte
What Events Led to the Russian Revolution?
These were the Causes of the Russian Revolution
A Beginner's Guide to the Renaissance
This page explains the key elements of the most famous renaissance, c. 1400 - 1600, and links to greater detail.
Vlad the Impaler / Vlad III Dracula / Vlad Tepes
Vlad the Impaler - Information on Vlad the Impaler - Dracula - Tepes
Rulers of France - French kings emperors and...
Rulers of France - French kings emperors and presidents
18 Key Thinkers of the Enlightenment
A listing of eighteen key thinkers of the Enlightenment from across Europe with biographical sketches for each.
Renaissance Humanism
An explanation of Renaissance Humanism and why it was important.
Debunking the Myths: How Stalin Really Died
Did Stalin really die unaffected by the years of terror and death?
Why Britain attempted to Tax American Colonists
Why Britain attempted to Tax American Colonists
How did the Industrial Revolution Change...
How did the Industrial Revolution Change Britain's Population?
A Beginner's Guide to the Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution - An Overview of The Industrial Revolution
What was Absolutism?
An Introduction to Absolutism in European History.
World War I's Treaty of Versailles Explained
The Treaty of Versailles ended World War One and has been accused of starting World War Two. This article outlines the motivations behind the treaty, the key points, and the results.
Monarchy
Information on European monarchy.
An Introduction to the Cold War in Europe
This profile of the Cold War explains how it began after World War 2, why it was 'Cold', what happened in Europe and how it ended peacefully.
The Devastating Impact of the French Revolution...
Changes caused by the French Revolution on France
Did the Treaty of Versailles Contribute to...
A look at a major controversy of twentieth century history: did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler's rise to power?
Who Supported Hitler and Why?
An examination of why many of the German people supported Hitler.
Different ways to read Hornblower.
Horatio Hornblower - In Which Order Should You Read the Horatio Hornblower Novels?
The Best Books on World War I - The Great War
The literature about World War One is vast, but I feel these are the best books for a range of readers.
Debunking the Myths: Does the Severed Head of a...
How long does a guillotined head remains alive?
The Effects of the American Revolutionary War...
Britain and the American Revolutionary War
The November Criminals
An explanation of why this group of Germans became known as the November Criminals.
History of the European Union
History of the European Union- The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union between European countries.
Did Mussolini Get the Trains Running on Time?
Did Mussolini get the Trains Running on Time - Debunking Mussolini and the Trains
Why did Weimar democracy fall and Hitler's...
A contents page for our narrative of Germany from 1919 to 1934.
Causes and Preconditions for the Industrial...
What caused the Industrial Revolution, what was Britain like before it, and is there a set of pre-conditions?
Top 10 Books: French Revolution
Best Books on the French Revolution
The Wars of the Former Yugoslavia
A narrative history of the wars of the Former Yugoslavia, fought in the 1990s.
Leading Statesmen of France - French Prime...
Leading Statesmen of France - French Prime Ministers
France in the American Revolutionary War
The American War of Independence and the critical role of France
Did Marie Antoinette say "Let Them Eat Cake"?
Marie Antoinette and Let them eat cake - The truth behind the phrase
Debunking the Myths: Did Vikings Actually Wear...
Did Vikings Wear Horned Helmets? - The Truth Behind Vikings Horned Helmets
Consequences of World War One
A look at the major consequences of World War One.
Find Out Just How Many People Lost Their Lives...
World War 1 saw casualty figures in the millions, and this chart lists the totals mobilized, killed, wounded and a percentage calculation.
What countries are in the European Union?
Countries in the European Union - List of Countries in the European Union
The Belle Époque ("Beautiful Age")
The Belle Epoque in France. European History.
Top 10 WW2 DVD and Video: Eastern Front
This selection of recommended films deal with the eastern front in World War 2.
How and Why France and England Fought for a...
A History of the Hundred Years War between England and France.
A Beginner's Guide to the Protestant Reformation
This summary presents an outline of the Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century, the religious schism which split western Christianity permanently.
What Countries Fought in the First World War?
This is an alphabetical listing of every country who declared war, had war declared for them, or found themselves invaded or involved in World War 1.
Key Battles of World War One
This list collects together the dates of all the key battles of World War One, and links where relevant to narratives.
Key Events in Spanish History
Key Events in Spanish History
The meaning of the dating label A.D.
AD - Anno Domini - is part of a dating system used in much of the world. This article explains what the Latin stands for, and a problem with it.
Did Medieval People Believe in a Flat Earth?
Flat Earth - Did Medieval People Believe in a Flat Earth?
31 European Women c.1500 - 1945
madame de sevigne josephine de beauharnais madame de maintenon artemisia gentileschi ada lovelace: 31 Women from European History 1500 to 1945 women womans ladies lady females womens history month
World War 1: A Short Timeline
A short timeline of World War 1 covering all the key dates.
1. Pre-Revolutionary France
History of the French Revolution 1. Pre-Revolutionary France
What did Hitler Believe?
A look at the confusing mixture of ideas which we believe drove Hitler.
Hitler’s Rise to Power: Timeline
A ready reference for the dates of Hitler's Rise to Power.
Is Ring A Ring A Roses about the Plague?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The Myth: The
Coal Mining: Living and Working Conditions in...
Coal was vital to the Industrial Revolution, but miners faced many problems.
The Continental System
Did the Continental System, Napoleon's attempt to cripple Britain economically, work?
When Did World War II End?
When did World War 2 End - End of World War 2
The Causes and War Aims of World War One
The Causes and War Aims of World War One - Part 2. Page 2.
The Consequences of the Norman Conquest
The Consequences of the Norman Conquest - how England was changed by the events of 1066 and after.
What Role Did Women Play in World War I?
World War One affected women's employment opportunities greatly, but only in the short term. In page one we examine what these wartime changes were,.
Elizabeth Báthory
Was Elizabeth Báthory really a serial killer? Or has she been falsely maligned? This is her history.
The Rulers of England
An annotated list of all the English kings and queens (and a few people you also need to know about.)
Rome
Rome Italy - History of Rome Italy
The Anglo-German Naval Race
The Anglo-German Naval Race has been cited as a key factor in the start of World War 1. Here we explain what happened.
Brezhnev Doctrine
Brezhnev Doctrine - An Explanation of the Brezhnev Doctrine
The Location of Mozart's Grave
Mozart is often said to have been buried in a pauper's grave but, while we don't know where his remains are, we know what happened and the truth is different.
The Creation of Hitler's Dictatorship
How Hitler went from being appointed Chancellor to ruling a one party dictatorship.
How Napoleon became Emperor
How did Napoleon persuade France to allow him to become Emperor? This article explains why.
20 Key Leaders in European History
Key Leaders in European History
Top 13 Historical Myths Debunked
Top historical myths debunked
France
A starting point for French history.
Iron Curtain
Iron Curtain - Definition of Iron Curtain
Spain
History of Spain - Information on the History of Spain
Origin of the word ‘Protestant’
Origin of the word Protestant. European History.
When Did the French Revolution End?
Exploring the end dates of the French Revolution
Secondary Sources
Secondary Sources - Definition of Secondary Sources
Who were the Luddites?
We still use the term Luddite, and its origins come from the industrial revolution in Britain.
Do Statues of Riders or Knights Conceal Codes?
Raised horse legs and crossed legs: do the legs on statues reveal if someone died in battle or went on crusade? Find out the truth behind this urban legend.
The Norman Conquest of 1066
An examination of the Norman Conquest of 1066 which changed English history.
History of the French Revolution - Contents
A History of the French Revolution: Contents Page
The Vikings - An Overview
The Vikings - An Overview of the Vikings
Primary Sources
Primary Sources - Definition of Primary Sources
Top 5 Books: General Histories
The Best Books On General European History
Estates General
Estates General - Definition of Estates General
Railways burst into life during the Industrial...
Railways burst into life during the Industrial Revolution. This is how.
Stalin
Stalin - A biography of Stalin. European History.
The Duma
The Duma in Russian history. European History.
Iron in the Industrial Revolution
How this key resource contributed to the industrial revolution.
The Seven Years War 1756 - 63
The Seven Years War - The Seven Years War in Europe
The Key Events in the History of France
France has a long and rich history, but we've broken it down into twenty six key events which span from c.800 BCE to the twentieth century.
Coal in the Industrial Revolution
How coal became the fuel of the Industrial Revolution.
The Marshall Plan - Rebuilding Western Europe
Marshall Plan - Introduction to the Marshall Plan
Venice
Venice Italy - A History of Venice Italy
The First Computer: Charles Babbage’s...
Charles Babbage’s Analytical Engine has a great claim on being the first computer. This explains who he was, and what it was.
3. The Estates General and the Revolution of 1789
In page 3 of our History of the French Revolution we explain how the Estates General met in 1789, and how the revolution truly began with calls for a National Assembly.
The Origins of Football (Soccer)
A history of the early years of football / soccer.
Why the Mensheviks and Bolsheviks fell out.
The Mensheviks and Bolsheviks in Russian History
C.E.
CE - A definition of Common Era. European History.
The Northern Renaissance
Not all the great artworks and developments of the renaissance occurred in or around Italy; this article discusses the 'Northern Renaissance'.
Community Charge / Poll Tax
Explanation about the Community Charge - Poll Tax
The Development of Banking in the Industrial...
How did the development of banking and finance help the industrial revolution?
The Berlin Wall
This profile of the Berlin Wall explains why the Cold War caused it's creation, how it divided the city of Berlin, and how it finally came to be pulled down.
Key European Dictators from the Twentieth Century
Key Twentieth Century European Dictators
The Russian Revolution of 1917
Russian Revolution of 1917 - Introduction to the Russian Revolution of 1917
Notable Writers from European History
Notable Writers from European History
What were the September Massacres?
While the French Revolution's brutal side is best known for the Terror, the September Massacres were first.
Learn about Benito Mussolini, the Infamous...
Benito Mussolini - Biography of Benito Mussolini
Why Churchill Lost the 1945 Election
An explanation of why Winston Churchill lost the 1945 election in Britain.
The Tudors
The Tudors - The Tudor Dynasty and Tudor England
Yugoslavia
Key events in the history of the now vanished Yugoslavia.
Canals were at their height during the...
Canals were at their height during the Industrial Revolution. This is how.
The Origins of the French Revolution in the...
A Discussion of the French Revolution and the Ancien Regime
Debunking Historical Myths: Droit de Seigneur...
If you've seen Braveheart you've seen Droit de Seigneur... the only problem is it didn't happen.
Exposure by Wilfred Owen
Exposure by Wilfred Owen    I Our brains ache, in the merciless iced east winds that knife us... Wearied
What Caused the French Revolution?
In this part of our history of the French Revolution we look at the events of the 1780s which destabilized France and led to the revolution starting.
The 12 Best War Games for Your PC
There are a lot of games for the PC which have drawn on Europe's rich history, and many of them use the waging of war as the source of interaction. This is a list of the best.
This Day In European History - Index
What Happened On This Day In European History: births and deaths encyclopedia britannica sneak peek notable events european history
The Sinking of the Titanic
A history of the Titanic and an account of the ship's sinking.
Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About the...
On this page in our history and discussion of the guillotine we look at machines for decapitation which pre-date the French Revolution.
Remaining Monarchies of Europe
A list of the Monarchies of Europe.
Magna Carta: The Great Charter
What was Magna Carta and why is it considered a cornerstone of modern rights (despite initially failing.)
Key Events in Italian History
Key Events in Italian History
The Build Up to War: The Events That Led to...
This part of our World War 1 timeline looks at events relevant to the war pre-1914.
Timeline of the Russian Revolutions: Introduction
Introduction to a timeline of the Russian Revolutions in 1917 and 1905
The Countries Involved in World War 1
Countries Involved in World War 1 - Countries of World War 1 Listed by Continent
A Comprehensive Timeline of World War I
This part of our World War 1 timeline covers the year the war began: 1914.
Containment
Containment - Definition of Containment
Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher - Biography of Margaret Thatcher
The Amber Room
The Amber Room - A Profile of the Amber Room
Development of the European Union – A...
A Timeline of the European Union - A timeline of European Union Dates
Mental Cases by Wilfred Owen
Mental Cases by Wilfred Owen Who are these? Why sit they here in twilight? Wherefore rock they, purgatorial
They host the Commonwealth Games, but what is...
The Commonwealth is an association of 53 independent nations, all but one former British colonies, with substantial economic ties and a shared history.
Overview: World War Two in Europe
World War Two in Europe - Overview of World War Two
King John
A biography of King John of England, a man with a very poor reputation to this day.

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