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European History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
Who Were the Borgias?
The Borgias - A History of the Borgias
Napoleon Bonaparte
This biography of Napoleon Bonaparte condenses his life down to the essentials in three short pages, and links to extra material on his wars and government.
The Truth Behind the 300 Who Held Thermopylae
Historical Myths - The 300 of Thermopylae - Find out the true figure
Debunking the Myths: How Catherine the Great...
This entry in our historical myths series examines two legends about the death of Catherine the Great: one involving horses and one toilets.
French Revolution 101
This brief account of the French Revolution explains all the key events, links to a larger narrative history, and explains the consequences.
World War One: The Major Alliances
The Major Alliances of World War One: who and how Europe divided in 1914.
Causes of the Renaissance
This discussion of the causes of the Renaissance looks at seven key factors which helped thes era defining movement begin and develop.
The Countries Involved in World War 1
A complete list of the many countries involved in World War 1 including a map and different ways of presenting the information.
World War 1
World War 1 101 - An Introduction to World War 1
Adolf Hitler
This quick introduction to German dictator Adolf Hitler traces his life through his rise to power to starting World War 2, through his ultimate defeat to his death.
Top 12 Books: The First World War
The literature about World War One is vast, but I feel these are the best books for a range of readers.
Rulers of France - French kings emperors and...
Rulers of France - French kings emperors and presidents
B.C.E
BCE - Before Common Era - is a term used in modern dating systems. Find out what it means, and why it is used.
Causes of the Russian Revolution
These were the Causes of the Russian Revolution
The Treaty of Versailles - An Overview
The Treaty of Versailles ended World War One and has been accused of starting World War Two. This article outlines the motivations behind the treaty, the key points, and the results.
The Industrial Revolution - An Overview
The Industrial Revolution - An Overview of The Industrial Revolution
Was Napoleon Bonaparte Short?
Was Napoleon Bonaparte Short? - The Height and Possible Myth of the Short Napoleon Bonaparte
The Death of Stalin
Did Stalin really die unaffected by the years of terror and death?
Rulers of England - Kings and Queens
Rulers of England - Kings and Queens: rulers of england kings of wessex saxon kingdoms tenth centuries archbishop of canterbury
The Sharpe Books in Chronological Order
Sharpe - The Sharpe Books in Chronological Order
The Enlightenment
An explanation of the Enlightenment
Introduction to the Cold War in Europe
This profile of the Cold War explains how it began after World War 2, why it was 'Cold', what happened in Europe and how it ended peacefully.
Top 10 Best World War 2 Documentaries
A selection of documentaries about Europe and World War 2.
Renaissance Timeline
This timeline of the Renaissance contains key dates in cultural history alongside political developments and links to discussions.
The Elgin Marbles / Parthenon Sculptures
Elgin Marbles - History of the The Elgin Marbles
Does The Head Of A Guillotined Individual...
How long does a guillotined head remains alive?
Venice
Venice Italy - A History of Venice Italy
Brezhnev Doctrine
Brezhnev Doctrine - An Explanation of the Brezhnev Doctrine
The Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
The Commonwealth of Nations - A Summary of the Commonwealth
Top 12 Best PC Games - War
There are a lot of games for the PC which have drawn on Europe's rich history, and many of them use the waging of war as the source of interaction. This is a list of the best.
Consequences of World War One
A look at the major consequences of World War One.
The Impact of the French Revolution on Europe
Changes caused by the French Revolution in Europe. Page 2.
Women and Work in World War 1
World War One affected women's employment opportunities greatly, but only in the short term. In page one we examine what these wartime changes were,.
Introduction to the Renaissance
This page explains the key elements of the most famous renaissance, c. 1400 - 1600, and links to greater detail.
The Consequences of the French Revolution on...
Changes caused by the French Revolution on France
When did World War 2 end?
When did World War 2 End - End of World War 2
Casualties of World War 1
World War 1 saw casualty figures in the millions, and this chart lists the totals mobilized, killed, wounded and a percentage calculation.
Top 10 WW2 DVD and Video: Eastern Front
This selection of recommended films deal with the eastern front in World War 2.
Horatio Hornblower - In Which Order Should You...
Horatio Hornblower - In Which Order Should You Read the Horatio Hornblower Novels?
Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini - Biography of Benito Mussolini
Reformation 101
This summary presents an outline of the Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century, the religious schism which split western Christianity permanently.
History of the European Union
The European Union - History of the European Union
A.D.
AD - Anno Domini - is part of a dating system used in much of the world. This article explains what the Latin stands for, and a problem with it.
World War 1: A Short Timeline Pre-1914
This part of our World War 1 timeline looks at events relevant to the war pre-1914.
The Sussex Pledge (1916)
Germany and the United States of America were on a collision course during World War One which the Sussex Pledge temporarily halted. This article explains what happened, and who broke the Pledge to bring the US into the conflict.
What was Absolutism?
An Introduction to Absolutism in European History
Key Thinkers of the Enlightenment
A listing of eighteen key thinkers of the Enlightenment from across Europe with biographical sketches for each.
NATO
NATO - Information on NATO the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Top 10 Books: French Revolution
Best Books on the French Revolution
Italy
History of Italy - Italy Information on History
Francisco Franco
Francisco Franco - Biography of Spanish Dictator Francisco Franco
The Sinking of the Titanic
A history of the Titanic and an account of the ship's sinking.
Marie Antoinette and "Let them eat cake"
Marie Antoinette and Let them eat cake - The truth behind the phrase
The Black Death
What was the Black Death? Did it really kill a third of Europe's population?
Rulers of Spain - Spanish kings emperors and...
Rulers of Spain - Spanish kings emperors and presidents
Containment
Containment - Definition of Containment
Did Vikings Wear Horned Helmets?
Did Vikings Wear Horned Helmets? - The Truth Behind Vikings Horned Helmets
The Effects of the American Revolutionary War...
Britain and the American Revolutionary War
Women in World War 1
Changing voting opportunity was just one way women were affected by World War One; this article looks at their multi-faceted experiences during the conflict.
World War 1: A Short Timeline 1914
This part of our World War 1 timeline covers the year the war began: 1914.
The Zimmermann Telegram
This profile explains what the Zimmermann Telegram was, why it was sent and why the threat to the US was considered necessary, how it was revealed to the US public, and how their anger led to entry into World War 1. There is also the full translated text of the Telegram.
Vlad the Impaler / Vlad III Dracula / Vlad Tepes
Vlad the Impaler - Information on Vlad the Impaler - Dracula - Tepes
2. The Crisis of the 1780s and the Causes of...
In this part of our history of the French Revolution we look at the events of the 1780s which destabilized France and led to the revolution starting.
Top 8 Best PC Games - Empire Building
This list if the best PC Empire Building games with a European flavor.
3. The Estates General and the Revolution of 1789
In page 3 of our History of the French Revolution we explain how the Estates General met in 1789, and how the revolution truly began with calls for a National Assembly.
Long Telegram
The Long Telegram of George Kennan was a message sent from the US Embassy in Moscow to Washington concerning the Soviets. Learn more about the telegram.
Overview: World War Two in Europe
World War Two in Europe - Overview of World War Two
Did the Treaty of Versailles Contribute to...
A look at a major controversy of twentieth century history: did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler's rise to power?
The Causes and War Aims of World War One
The Causes and War Aims of World War One - Who was to Blame? Page 3.
Overview: The First World War
This article gives an overview of the effects the First World War on the world.
Who were the Mensheviks and Bolsheviks?
The Mensheviks and Bolsheviks in Russian History
The Marshall Plan
Marshall Plan - Introduction to the Marshall Plan
The Directory
The Directory - Definition of The Directory
The Russian Revolution of 1917
Russian Revolution of 1917 - Introduction to the Russian Revolution of 1917
The Old Vicarage, Grantchester by Rupert Brooke
The Old Vicarage, Grantchester by Rupert Brooke Just now the lilac is in bloom, All before my little
The Belle Époque ("Beautiful Age")
The Belle Epoque in France. European History.
Origins of the Cold War in Europe
This examination of the origins of the Cold War in Europe starts in 1917 and proceeds through the pressures of World War 2 and the aftermath, explaining how much of the world could be facing mutually assured destruction.
The Guillotine
On this page in our history and discussion of the guillotine we look at machines for decapitation which pre-date the French Revolution.
Estates General
Estates General - Definition of Estates General
Why Britain attempted to Tax American Colonists
Why Britain attempted to Tax American Colonists
Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher - Biography of Margaret Thatcher
Cold War Timeline
This is the first part of the chronology of the Cold War. It includes the October Revolution, World War II, and the creation of NATO.
Warsaw Pact
Warsaw Pact - Definition of the Warsaw Pact
The Wars of the Former Yugoslavia
A narrative history of the wars of the Former Yugoslavia, fought in the 1990s.
French Revolution Timeline
French Revolution Timeline - A timeline of the French Revolution
Jack The Ripper
Jack the Ripper - A Profile of Jack the Ripper
Rulers of the Ottoman Empire - Ottoman beys...
Rulers of the Ottoman Empire - Ottoman beys sultans and caliphs
When did the French Revolution End?
Exploring the end dates of the French Revolution
The Hundred Years War
A History of the Hundred Years War between England and France.
France in the American Revolutionary War
The American War of Independence and the critical role of France
1. Pre-Revolutionary France
History of the French Revolution 1. Pre-Revolutionary France
Aftermath of the Hundred Years War
Aftermath of the Hundred Years War - Aftermath of the Hundred Years War
Iron Curtain
Iron Curtain - Definition of Iron Curtain
Elizabeth I of England
Elizabeth I of England - Biography of Elizabeth I
The Location of Mozart's Grave
Mozart is often said to have been buried in a pauper's grave but, while we don't know where his remains are, we know what happened and the truth is different.
Top 10 Historical Myths Debunked
Top historical myths debunked
Tips for Writing a History Paper / Essay
Advice on Writing History Papers
Rulers of the Republic of Ireland - Irish...
Rulers of the Republic of Ireland - Irish presidents
Did Medieval People Believe in a Flat Earth?
Flat Earth - Did Medieval People Believe in a Flat Earth?
Adolf Eichmann
Adolf Eichmann - Biography of Adolf Eichmann
Berlin Blockade / Berlin Airlift
The Berlin Blockade was an early stress point in the Cold War and a clear victory for organized air power thanks to the West's airlift.
Key Events in French History
France has a long and rich history, but we've broken it down into twenty six key events which span from c.800 BCE to the twentieth century.
Historical Myths: Common Codes Supposedly...
Raised horse legs and crossed legs - do the legs on statues reveal if someone died in battle or went on crusade?
Timeline of the Russian Revolutions: 1905
Russian Revolution Timeline - Timeline of the Russian Revolution of 1905
World War 1: A Short Timeline
A short timeline of World War 1 covering all the key dates.
Truman Doctrine
Truman Doctrine - An explanation of the Truman Doctrine
The Other Reichs
The Other Riechs - An explanation of the three 'German' Reichs and how they relate.
Countries in the European Union
Countries in the European Union - List of Countries in the European Union
World War One: The Western Front
This history of the Western Front covers the battle between Britain, France and their allies against Germany and their allies during World War One.
Top 10 Books: Modern Russia - The Revolution...
The best books on revolutionary and modern Russia
World War One: The Trenches
The trenches remain one of the best known features of World War 1; this article examines them.
Key Events in Spanish History
Key Events in Spanish History
The Seven Years War 1756 - 63
The Seven Years War - The Seven Years War in Europe
Who Were The Doughboys of World War 1?
Who were the Doughboys? What did they do and how did they get their name?
This Day In European History - Index
What Happened On This Day In European History: births and deaths encyclopedia britannica sneak peek notable events european history
The Soldier by Rupert Brooke
rupert brooke the soldier, brooke the soldier, rupert brooke, english heaven, richer dust, rich earth, eternal mind, sights and sounds, gentleness, suns, 1914, laughter, nbsp, rivers, hearts, dreams, flowers, peace, heart, england
31 European Women c.1500 - 1945
madame de sevigne josephine de beauharnais madame de maintenon artemisia gentileschi ada lovelace: 31 Women from European History 1500 to 1945 women womans ladies lady females womens history month
Rulers of Italy - Italian kings and presidents
Rulers of Italy - Italian kings and presidents: victor emmanuel ii victor emmanuel iii rulers of italy slim majority statesmen
Key Figures of World War One
Key Figures of World War One
The Consequences of the Norman Conquest
The Consequences of the Norman Conquest - how England was changed by the events of 1066 and after.
Top 5 Books: General Histories
The Best Books On General European History
Monarchy
Information on European monarchy.
Top 10 Books: About the Napoleonic Wars
The wars which bear Napoleon Bonaparte’s name have captivated the world. Here is a selection of the best literature on this historical period.
Who Supported Hitler and Why?
An examination of why many of the German people supported Hitler.
Destalinization / De-Stalinization
De-stalinization - Explanation of De-stalinization
The Continental System
Did the Continental System, Napoleon's attempt to cripple Britain economically, work?
The Tudors
The Tudors - The Tudor Dynasty and Tudor England
The Berlin Wall
This profile of the Berlin Wall explains why the Cold War caused it's creation, how it divided the city of Berlin, and how it finally came to be pulled down.
The Russian Civil War
A History of the Russian Civil War
Key Leaders in European History
Key Leaders in European History
Key Events in Italian History
Key Events in Italian History
Key European Dictators from the Twentieth Century
Key Twentieth Century European Dictators
7. The Terror 1793 - 94
This section of our History of the French Revolution discusses the most infamous era: when the leaders of France decided to rule through Terror, killing people en masse.
Elizabeth Báthory
Was Elizabeth Báthory really a serial killer? Or has she been falsely maligned? This is her history.
Who Really Won World War 2 in Europe?
Who Really Won World War 2 in Europe?
Why Churchill Lost the 1945 Election
An explanation of why Winston Churchill lost the 1945 election in Britain.
Napoleonic Code / Code Napoleon
A description of the Napoleonic Code / Code Napoleon and why it is so important.
Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II Biography - Karol Wojtyla was Pope John Paul II
Rupert Brooke
Rupert Brooke - a biography of Rupert Brooke
Exposure by Wilfred Owen
Exposure by Wilfred Owen    I Our brains ache, in the merciless iced east winds that knife us... Wearied
The Bastille
The Reality and Fall of The Bastille
Rome
Rome Italy - History of Rome Italy
Timeline of the Russian Revolutions: 1914 - 1916
Russian Revolution Timeline - Timeline of Russa in 1914-16
Renaissance Humanism
An explanation of Renaissance Humanism and why it was important.
The First Computer: Charles Babbage’s...
Charles Babbage’s Analytical Engine has a great claim on being the first computer. This explains who he was, and what it was.
The Norman Conquest of 1066
An examination of the Norman Conquest of 1066 which changed English history.
Spain
History of Spain - Information on the History of Spain
Kings and Queens / Heads of State
Kings and Queens - Heads of State
Books: Spain - The Civil War
The best books on the Spanish Civil War
Top 12 Best PC Games - First Person Shooter
The best first person shooters for the pc with a European History twist.

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