This Day In European History
325: The Council of Nicea begins.
1191: Cyprus is conquered by Richard the Lionheart.
1520: The Revolt of the Communeros begins in Spain.
1543: King Henry VIII of England signs an alliance against France with Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
1648: King John II Casimir succeeds to the Polish throne.
1799: The French abandon their siege of Acre.
1882: The Triple Alliance is formed when Italy joins an existing Austro-German agreement, forming the core of one side in the First World War.
1470: Pietro Bembo, Italian scholar.
1683: Elijah Fenton, English poet.
1772: William Congreve, British artilleryman and inventor of the military rocket.
1799: Honoré de Balzac, French writer.
1806: John Stuart Mill, English philosopher.
1881: Wladyslaw Sikorski, Polish statesman.
1895: RJ Mitchell, British Spitfire designer.
1506: Christopher Columbus, Genoese sailor.
1509: Countess Caterina Sforza of Forli.
1641: Johan Banér, Swedish Field Marshal of the Thirty Years War.
1648: King Wladyslaw IV Vasa of Poland.
1834: Marie-Joseph-Paul-Yvres-Roch-Gilbert de Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, French hero of the American War of Independence.
1864: John Clare, English poet.