1. Education
Send to a Friend via Email
You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.

Mitteleuropa

By

Definition: In September 1914, a few months after the start of World War One, German Chancellor Bethmann Hollweg created the ‘September Programme’ which, along with other documents, set out a grandiose plan for Europe. It would be enacted if Germany was totally successful in the war. A system called ‘Mitteleuropa’ would be created, an economic and customs union of central European lands that would be led by Germany (and to a lesser extent Austria-Hungary).

As well as these two, Mitteleuropa would include German domination of Luxembourg, Belgium and their Channel Ports, the Baltic and Poland from Russia, and possibly parts of France. There would be a sister body, Mittelafrika, in Africa, leading to German hegemony of both continents. It’s unclear exactly how far the German people supported this dream, or how seriously it was taken.

  1. About.com
  2. Education
  3. European History
  4. Wars and Battles
  5. World War 1
  6. Mitteleuropa - Definition

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.