By Robert Wilde
Beginning in 1789, the Revolution affected every aspect of France and much of Europe, often being called the start of the modern era.
- French Revolution 101
- History of the French Revolution
- The Consequences of the French Revolution
- The Origins of the French Revolution in the Ancien Régime
- Timeline of the French Revolution
- When did the French Revolution End?
- Pictures from the French Revolution
- Books on the French Revolution
- The Guillotine
The second half of the 18th century, scientific and technological changes began to radically change the world. Mechanization and factories altered the nature of economics and society, while urbanization, and industrialization reshaped both the physical, and mental, landscape.
In 1917 two revolutions convulsed Russia, leading to civil war and the creation of a communist government. The events of this period helped transform the world and remain in evidence today.
- Introduction to the Russian Revolution of 1917
- Causes of the Russian Revolution
- The Russian Civil War
- The Execution of the Romanovs
- War Communism
- Timelines of the Russian Revolutions
- Biography of Lenin
- Who were the Mensheviks and Bolsheviks?
- Books on the Russian Revolution and after
The Reformation was a split in the Latin Christian church during the sixteenth century which introduced Protestantism to the world and created a major division which lasts to this day.
The Renaissance was a cultural and socio-political movement of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries which stressed the rediscovery of texts and thought from classical antiquity.
- Introduction to the Renaissance
- Causes of the Renaissance
- The Northern Renaissance
- Renaissance Humanism
Interwar Germany: 1918 - 1939
Imperial Germany collapsed at the end of World War 1, and Germany experienced a tumultuous time which climaxed with the Nazis and World War 2.
- The German Revolution of 1918-19
- The Early Years of the Weimar Republic
- The Early Years of the Nazi Party
- The Fall of Weimar and the Rise of the Nazis
- Gustav Stresemann
- Adolf Hitler
- Did the Treaty of Versailles Contribute to Hitler's Rise to Power?
- The Creation of Hitler's Dictatorship
The Enlightenment was an intellectual and cultural movement of the 17th and 18th centuries which stressed reason and criticism over faith and superstition.
Colonialism / Imperialism
Europeans have conquered, settled and ruled a huge proportion of the earth’s land mass, and the effects of these overseas empires are still felt today.