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Top 12 Books: The First World War

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Fought between 1914 - 1918, World War One transformed European politics, economy, culture and society. Countries from across the world battled in a conflict now largely remembered for waste and loss of life instead of any real achievement. This list contains the best volumes for the interested reader.

1. The First World War by John Keegan

Keegan's book has become a modern day classic, representing by far the most popular view of the Great War: a bloody and futile conflict, fought in chaos, causing the unnecessary death of millions. Three concentrations of black and white photographs and a selection of quality maps accompany a superbly written narrative which expertly guides the reader through a complex period.
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2. The First World War by Gerard De Groot

Recommended by several University lecturers - and now myself - as the best single volume introduction for students, this is a relatively small, and thus more easily digested, volume which should be easily affordable. A suberb overall account of events, with enough bite to keep Great War experts interested.

3. The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914 by Christopher Clark

Clark has won awards for his work on German history, and here he tackles in great detail the start of the First World War. His volume debates how the war began, and by refusing to simply blame Germany - instead seeking reasons which draw in all of Europe - has been accused of bias. Read for the argument and join the debate, or find this excellent history convincing.
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4. The Longman Companion to the First World War: Europe 1914 - 1918 by Nicolson

Although not enough for a study in itself, this quality book will accompany any discussion of the First World War, whether you want a few extra figures for an essay, or a ready-reference for your book. Facts, figures, summaries, definitions, timelines, chronologies - there is a wealth of information here.
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5. 1914-1918: The History of the First World War by David Stevenson

Stevenson tackles vital elements of the war missing from more military accounts, and if you only read one breakdown of the financial situation affecting Britain and France (and how the US helped before they declared war), make it the relevant chapter here. It's a good addition to Keegan.

6. Forgotten Victory by Gary Sheffield

John Keegan's view of the Great War has opposition, and Gary Sheffield's splendidly revisionist work offers an entirely different view of the conflict. Sheffield argues that the Great War was entirely necessary in stopping military imperialism, a view that has angered many readers. Read this book and enter a debate!

7. The First World War: Germany and Austria-Hungary by H. H. Herwig

This is the best English language book on the 'other' side of the war: Germany and Austria-Hungary.
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8. Battles East by G Irving Root

So many English language books focus on the Western Front that it's worth reading a book dedicated to the massive events of the east. Root's is the best, treating the theater with the detail and the balance it needs.
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9. Gallipoli by L A Carlyon

This recent book is a balanced and fair examination of an event often clouded by partisanship, and remembered in the British national consciousness as a massive mistake. Crucially, Carlyon isn't afraid to point out how all nations on the allied sides made mistakes.
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10. The Hazy Red Hell - Fighting Experiences on the Western Front, 1914 - 1918

This collection of eyewitness accounts, taken from many areas across the Western Front, certainly isn't pleasurable reading, but it will augment your knowledge of the conflict.
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11. The First World War Volume 1: To Arms by Hew Strachan

Although a truly excellent new examination of events, with many revealing facts and interpretations, the contents of this volume don't progress beyond 1914. By the time Strachan has finished his projected three part work it may be the dominant modern text, but I can't recommend it any higher yet.
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12. The Penguin Book of First World War Poetry

The culture which surrounded the World War One was rich and can provide plentiful reading, but its the poetry which has set the tone for decades. This is an excellent compilation of poetry about the war.
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